Sunday, February 9, 2020
Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Africa's First World War - Essay Example As explained by Farlex (2012), a sovereign nation is Ã¢â¬Å"one that exercises supreme, permanent authority, especially in a nation or other governmental unitÃ¢â¬ and that a sovereign nation Ã¢â¬Å"governs territory outside its borders.Ã¢â¬ This means that nations that are considered to be sovereign are expected to have maximum dominion over their territorial borders such that their borders must not be invaded by other sovereign nations, especially when the nation in question has not offended the intruding nation in any way. Though wars of all kinds are considered inappropriate, it is commonly believed that civil conflicts arise as a means of expressing the freedom and voice of the indigenous people. Most commonly, civil conflicts travel beyond the borders of the conflicting nation in question and this happens through a number of ways. Concepts of Civil Wars and Conventional, International Conflicts Civil wars are commonly propagated, fuelled and fought among civil groups withi n a given country. Smith (2012), therefore, posits that Ã¢â¬Å"a civil war is a war which is fought internally within a nation between differing factions, religious groups, or powers.Ã¢â¬ The National Intelligence Council (2004), on the other hand, notes that conventional wars are fought among two defined military sides without the use of any nuclear, biological or chemical weapons but strictly by the use of conventional weapons. International wars or conflicts, on the other hand, assume a position where war is embattled between two nations. The kinds of weapons used in international wars are undefined. Invariably, there could be an inference drawn from the definitions above to the fact that civil and international conflicts may be conventional conflicts or not. The difference as to whether or not they are classified as conventional wars depend on the kinds of weapons used. Between civil and international wars also, it could be said that civil wars are highly centered on only one nation and does not involve any second and third parties. When civil wars are fought as conventional wars, it is expected that the harm would not be as devastating as when they are fought with the use of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons. International wars are, however, highly probable not to be conventional wars because of the high exhibition of warship authority by involving nations. Processes through which Internal Conflicts become Internationalised in Africa The first process that often leads to the internationalisation of internal conflicts in Africa is the problem of defence of national interest by intruding nations. This point is made against the backdrop that the world is fast becoming a global village. Coupled with other socio-economic relationships and pacts, the opening of commissions, consulates and embassies in other countries is very high. Once these offices are opened, countries with such offices tend to have an interest in the affairs of the host countries b ecause of the need to protect visiting citizens Noting that Africa is one continent that is generally considered as developing, there are several foreign continents with their citizens in African countries with the aim of helping in the development process. Owing to this, once war breaks up in any African country, there are efforts made by resident countries to protect their citizens and other interests they may have in the host country. Unfortunately, some of their attempts
Thursday, January 30, 2020
National Bank Essay A research program is very important essential for acquiring experience through learning and spreading the scope of Knowledge. I have done my research program in National Bank Limited, Foreign Exchange Branch. This research report is aimed at providing a comprehensive picture to the areas of Foreign Exchange operation of National Bank Limited. The report has been divided into twelve parts. These are- Introduction, Brief History of Banking Sector of Bangladesh, Corporate review of NBL, Foreign Exchange, Documents Used in Foreign Exchange Business, Letter of Credit (L/C), Import, Export, Foreign Remittance, Findings and Analysis, References. National Bank Limited is one of the largest commercial Bank of Bangladesh. The main objective of the Bank is to provide all of banking services at the doorsteps of the people. The Bank also participates in various social and development programs and takes part in implementation of various policies and promises made by the Government. National Bank Limited plays a pioneering role in handling foreign trade and foreign exchange transactions. With wide network of branches at home and a large number of correspondent banks worldwide, it is handling the largest volume of export-import business including homebound remittances. For this reason, Foreign Exchange of the Bank is very much essential. But now a dayÃ¢â¬â¢s banking sector of Bangladesh is suffering the disease of default culture which is the consequence or result of bad performance of most banks. There are three types of modes of foreign exchange market, which are- Export Financing, Import Financing and Foreign Remittance. Foreign Exchange Branch does these foreign exchange activities vastly. In this report, I mention the overall operating procedure of foreign exchange transaction of National Bank Limited. I also mention the findings of my report and describe the recommendation to overcome the limitation. I have taken all the reasonable care to ensure the accuracy and quality to make the report standard. And I believe that it has included all the necessary information to be relevant. INTRODUCTIOIN ORIGIN OF THE REPORT As a mandatory part the BBA Program, all the students of the faculty ofÃ Business Studies, Premier University, Chittagong have to undergo a three month long research program with an objective of gaining practical knowledge about current business world. After this research program each and every students have to submit a research report mentioning their activities during the research program. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve started my research at the National Bank Limited, Foreign Exchange Branch. At the end of the research program I am submitting my research report focusing on the contribution of Foreign Exchange operation to the overall performance of bank especially on profitability perspective under the supervision of Tasnim Uddin Chowdhury, Lecturer, Department of Finance, in Premier University, Chittagong. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The general objective of the study is to gather practical knowledge regarding banking system and operation. The research gives us a chance to relate the four year long theoretical learning of BBA Program with the reserch experience. This consists the following: To get an overall idea about the Foreign exchange Business of National Bank Limited. To apply theoretical knowledge in the practical field. To describe the organizational structure, management, background, functions and objectives of the bank and its contribution to the national economy. To achieve overall understanding of National Bank Limited. To analyze the financing systems of the bank to find out any contributing field. To examine the profitability and productivity of the bank. To acquire knowledge about the everyday banking operation of National Bank Limited. To evaluate the effect of world recession on foreign exchange income of NBL, Foreign Exchange Branch. To understand the real management situation and try to recommend for improving existing problems. SCOPE OF THE STUDY This study provides those scopes of knowing are the following: History and performance of National Bank Limited. Terms used in foreign exchange operations Foreign exchange operations of National Bank Limited Literature review. Total concept of Foreign Exchange Operation. METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY The report is prepared on the basic of foreign Exchange of National Bank Limited. To conduct the overall study, at first I explored the sources of Primary and Secondary information and data. Different files of the department and statement prepared by FED helped me to prepare this report. To present numerical data, I used the Annual Report of 2008 and monthly statement of January to October 2009 of National Bank Limited, Foreign Exchange Branch. For preparing this report I have used some graphical representation to find out different types of analytical and interpretation. SOURCES OF DATA As mentioned earlier, mainly primary and secondary data has been used. Sometimes the customers gave some important information regarding the services of the Bank: PRIMARY DATA Official records of National Bank Limited (NBL).. Expert opinion. SECONDARY DATA Monthly Statement of NBL. Annual Report of NBL. Official Files. Selected books. Other manual information. Websites. Various publications on the Bangladesh Bank. Newspaper reports in this concern. DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION Both quantitative and qualitative analysis will be performed on the findings. The quantitative analysis will be done on the trend of export- import, growth pattern of export-import, pre and post facilities provided for easing the export-import operations. Qualitative analyses will be based on the macroeconomic variables and foreign exchange policy provided by Bangladesh bank, the central bank of Bangladesh. Different statistical tools will be used for the analysis of the findings. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY To provide current information and to make the report read-worthy, support from various sources is essential. In spite of having my wholehearted effort, I could not collect some information required at the time of the study. So this study is not free from the following limitation: Due to unavailability of latest annual report (Annual report 2009), I have to prepare the report on the basis of annual report 2008. As a result, analysis, presentation of data may not show the existing position/present condition of National Bank Limited. For the whole research I had only 90 days, out of which I get 61 days because of late commencement of research program, which were totally insufficient. So I faced time shortage extremely. Lack of previous experience to prepare this type of report and it is totally new to me as an intern. Foreign exchange division follows Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCPDC), but within this short period, I was totally stunned to understand. Learning all the banking functions within just two months was really difficult. Sometimes the officers of National Bank Limited were very busy. For this reason the personal did not co-operate me. National Bank Limited did not give me any kind of monetary support for this research program Most of the working days in NBL, I have to work in cash department to help in IPO subscription collection, so I get limited time work in other departments to have practical knowledge Another limitation ofÃ this report is BankÃ¢â¬â¢s policy of not disclosing some data and information for obvious reason, which could be very much helpful. BRIEF HITORY OF BANKING SECTOR OF BD EVOLUTION OF THE WORD Ã¢â¬ËBANKÃ¢â¬â¢ The word bank originated from Italian word Ã¢â¬Å"BancaÃ¢â¬ . Banca means long tool. In ancient time Italian Jews merchant used to do business of lending money by sitting on the tools. It is assumed that the word Ã¢â¬Å"bankÃ¢â¬ derived from the word Banca. To meet the expense of war of 1171 one type credit certificate was launched in Italy at an interest rate of 5% it was called as Monte in Italian language and Bank in German language then German language was widely used in Italy. As a result the word Bank gradually changed to the word Banca from which the word Bank originated. THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN BANKING The linguistics and etymologists suggests an interesting story about banking origins. Both the old French word Ã¢â¬Å"BanqueÃ¢â¬ and the Italian word Banca were used centuries ago to mean a bench or moneychangers table. This describes quite well what historians have observed concerning the first bankers, who lived more than 2000 years ago. They were money changers, situated usually at table or in a small shop in the commercial district, aiding travelers who came to town by exchanging foreign coins for local money or discounting commercial notes for a fee in order to supply merchants with working capital. The first bankers probably used their own capital to fund their activities, but it was not long before the idea of attracting deposit and securing temporary loans from wealthy customers became a source of bank funding. Loans were then made to merchantÃ¢â¬â¢s shippers and landowners at rates of interests low as 6 percent per annum to as high as 48 percent a month for the riskiest ventures. Most of the early bank was Greek in origin. The banking industry gradually spread outward from the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome into northern and western Europe. The early bank in Europe was places for safe keeping of valuable items (such as gold andÃ silver bullion) as people came to fear loss of their asset due to war, theft, or expropriation by government. When colonies were established in North and South America, old world banking practice were transferred . DEVELOPMENT OF BANKING IN BANGLADESH Since early British rule, the history of banking in Bangladesh territory shows that the traditional trade-networks developed before the banks invaded rural areas. And the banking services have slowly flourished in Bangladesh territory. Even today, in many places, moneylenders provide credit services. Small shopkeepers and businessman use informal credit at high interest rate. Traditional mahjongÃ¢â¬â¢s money lending business gradually declined due to expansion of bank and the micro credit programs of NGOs, cooperative banks and government agencies. PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS During the liberation war in 1971, the economic, political, and social system including the banking system was severally damaged. At that time, all big and medium financial institutions except two small banks had their head office in the West Pakistan. The non-beagle owners and managers of the financial establishments that operated in East Pakistan had abandoned them. After independence in 1971, the new government had to take over management and ownership of all such institutions. The banks Nationalization Order 1972 was issued to nationalize banks and financial institutions (except those incorporated abroad) in order to control chaos in the field of ownership, party bureaucracy, the intelligentsia, and pressure group. By several orders the government of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh created- Six nationalized commercial banks (NCBs): 1. Sonali Bank 2. Agrani Bank 3. Janata Bank 4. Rupali Bank 5. Pubali Bank 6. Uttra Bank One industrial bank (BSB) One agricultural bank (BKB) One industrial development financial institution (BSRS) The bank and financial institutions which originated during the Pakistan period and were merged, and renamed and functioning after independence of Bangladesh. In the year 1983, the government allowed private sector to participate in the banking business. The Publi Bank and the Uttara Bank were denationalized in 1985, due to non profitability. This action reduced the number of NCBs to four. Such restructuring of public sector banks was in order to play their role in industry, agriculture, export, self Ã¢â¬âemployment etc. PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS Taking advantage of the liberalization policy of the government regarding participation of private sector in the banking business, a number of private banks were established in Ã¢â¬âand Ã¢â¬âafter 1983. With the emergence of private banks in Bangladesh, a competitive situation in the sector has been created. Now there are 48 commercial banks in Bangladesh which are enlisted with Bangladesh Bank, among them four (4) are NCBs, five (5) are specialized banks, twenty nine (29) are private commercial banks and ten (10) are foreign commercial banks. The emergence of private banks has added a new dimension to the banking system in Bangladesh. The private commercial banks show a steady growth in terms of number of branches, deposit and advances. CORPORATE REVIEW OF NATIONAL BANK History of National Bank Limited National Bank Limited has its prosperous past, glorious present, prospective future and under processing projects and activities. Established as the first private sector Bank fully owned by Bangladeshi entrepreneurs, NBL has been flourishing as the largest private sector bank with the passage of time after facing many stress and strain. The member of the board of directors is creative businessman and international economist. For rendering all modernÃ services, NBL, as a financial institution automated all itÃ¢â¬â¢s branches with computer network in accordance with the competitive commercial demand of time. Moreover, considering itÃ¢â¬â¢s forth- coming future the infrastructure of the Bank has been much more to NBL. Keeping the target in mind NBL has taken preparation branches by the wear 2000-2001. The emergence of National Bank Limited in the private sector is an important event in the banking area of Bangladesh. When the national was in the grip of severe recession, Govt. too k the farsighted decision to allow in the private sector to revive the economy of the country. Several dynamic entrepreneurs came forward for establishing a bank with a motto to revitalize the economy of the country. National Bank Limited was born as the first hundred percent Bangladesh owned Bank in the private sector. From the very inception it is the firm determination of National Bank Limited to play a vital role in the national economy. We are determined to bring back the long forgotten taste of banking services and flavors. We want to serve each one promptly and with a sense of dedication and dignity. The President of the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic of Bangladesh Justice Ahsanuddin Chowdhury inaugurated the bank formally on March 28, 1983 but the first branch at 48, Dilkusha Commercial Area, Dhaka started functioning on March 23, 1983. The 2nd Branch was opened on 11th May 1983 at Khatungonj, Chittagong. Today we have total 103 Branches all over Bangladesh. A representative office was established in Yangon, Myanmar in October, 1996 by our bank and obtained permission from t he government of Bangladesh to handle border trade with Myanmar .opportunities is being explored for further business avenues there. Now NBL is on line to establish trade and communication with the prime international banking companies of the world. As a result NBL will be able to build a strong root in international banking horizon .Bank has been drawing arrangement with well conversant money transfer service agency Ã¢â¬Å"Western unionÃ¢â¬ . It has full time arrangement for speedy transfer of money all over the world. Banking is not only a profit Ã¢â¬â oriented commercial institution but it has a public bas and social commitment admitting this true NBL is going on with its diversified banking activities NBL introduced monthly Savings Scheme, special Deposit Scheme, and Consumers. Credit Scheme and savings Insurance scheme etc. To combine the people of lower and middle income group. A team of highly qualified and experiment professional headed by the managing Director of theÃ bank who has vast banking experience operates bank and at the top three is an efficient Board of Directors for making policies. Vision of National Bank Limited Establishing as a top grade efficient bank through best application of modern information technology and business activities, offering high standard client services and Proper coordination of foreign trade business in the core of their vision. Mission of national bank Limited With a view to achieving commercial objective of the bank, their sincere and all out efforts stay put unabated. Respected client and shareholders are attracted to us for our transparency, accountability, social communities, and high quality of clientele services. Objective of national Bank Limited Bring modern banking facilities to the doorsteps of general public through diversification of services, thereby arousing saving propensity among the people. Foreign a cordial, deep rooted and farm banker customer relationship by dispensing prompt and improved clientele services. Taking part in the development of the national economy through productive development of the banks resources as well as patronizing different social activities. Connecting clients to modern banking practices by the best application of improved information technology, so that they get encouraged to continue and feel proud of banking with NBL. Responding to the need of the time by participating in the syndicated large loan financing with like-minded banks of the country, thereby expanding the area of investment Elevating the image of the bank at home and abroad by sustained expansion of its activities. Strategies of National Bank Limited To manage and operate the bank in the most efficient manner to enhance financial performance and to control cost of fund. To strive for customer satisfaction through quality control and delivery of timely services. To identify customer credit and other banking needs and monitor their perception towards our performance in meeting those and update requirement. To review and update policies procedures and practices to enhance the ability to extend better services to customer. To train and develop all employs and provide them adequate resources so that customer needs can responsibility addressed. To promote organizational effectiveness by openly communicating company plans, policies, practices and procedures to all employers in a timely fashion To cultivate a working environment that fosters positive motivation for improved performance To diversify portfolio both in the retail and whole sale market. To increase direct contact with customer in order o cultivate a closer relationship Busin ess Goal To patronize, sponsor and encouraged games and sports, entertainment and other socio-economic activities alongside providing the best services to the client. The Future thrust Full duplex on-line Banking Introducing more innovative products and services Opening new branches Expansion of business network at home and abroad SMS Banking Introduction of new liability / Asset products Corporate Culture Employees of NBL share certain common values, which helps to create a NBL culture. The client comes first Search for professional excellence Openness to new ideas new methods to encourage creativity Quick decision making Flexibility and prompt response A sense of professional ethics Growth and Development of NBL The NBL carries out all traditional functions, which a commercial bank performs such as mobilization of the deposit, investment of funds, financing export and import business, trade and commerce and industry. The banking sector in the country faced different problems thought the year. Even through the board and management never stopped its effort to maximize wealth, which is reflected by 143.97percent profit growth in 2007, highest ever in the last 15 years. The bank earned the 676.45 core revenue in 2007 as interest, income from investment and commission exchange earning, which who Tk. 530:69 corer in the provision year. As a result the total operating profit rode to Tk. 221.51 corer in 2007 from Tk.114.68 corer in the previous year. Branches of NBL NBL, which was started at Dilkusha Branch on March 23rd, 1983, was the first major commercial Bank. In Bangladesh operating throughout the country as well as the age of the bank is only 25 years .During this period it has established total 112 branches over the country and made smooth network inside the country as well as thought the world. The number of branches as well as territory wise is mentioned in the table.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses are a people known widely throughout the world. They are well-dressed people who come knocking at your door on different occasions offering religious literature for sale or trying to introduce their beliefs through carefully prepared conversation. People young, old, rich, poor, well educated and non-educated have embraced them. Their enthusiasm as proclaimers of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s Kingdom has impressed even their harshest critics. Their love toward one another makes some non-witnesses hope and pray that more people would act in that manner. Yet, some may still wonder, who really are the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses? What is their history, their practices and their beliefs? Why are they the most attacked new religious group today? Even many former group members have written books or created web sites that project a negative perspective on the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses. Due to the fact that this group has such a large following, it is not surprising that they would be attacked or their faith be denounced. It has been proven that the bigger in numbers of a group, the more controversial the group, and the larger the tension between them and society. Also, the more individuals who belong to a group, the more individuals there are who will denounce that faith and become active apostates. These apostates publish books and establish web sites proclaiming the wickness of the group to whose teachings they once adhered. When looking at it with this point of view, it seems natural that the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses would be heavily criticized. However, the fierceness of attack is still frightening. My thesis is that based on the questionable characteristics and backgrounds of the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses leaders and teachings, this criticism are not unfounded. Information on the teaching of the religion and the leaders themselves can be found in the following books: JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses, Teachings of Jehovah Witnesses, Crisis of Conscience, Wha t You Need to Know About JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses, Counting the Days to Armageddon, and JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses: Answered Verse by Verse. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In order to examine the controversies we must examine their history, organization, practices and their beliefs. We must first start at the beginning at the leadership of the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses with its founder Charles Taze Russell. The Allegheny, Pennsylvania boy had been... ...ir followers into doing what they are told. They have repeatedly changed their doctrines and contradicted previously held beliefs, all while claiming that it alone has the truth. This religion takes a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to think for himself, his ability to make rational decisions, and his free will. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã During my research on the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses the more material I read the more questions I had. How do they convert even the intelligent and God fearing people? Why are Jehovah Witnesses considerably successful in retaining their children within their belief system? Why are JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses less likely to attend college? Why are 55% of Jehovah Witnesses women? Why would any parent allow their child to die instead of receiving a blood transfusion when their death would not be necessary? Do they put such little value to human life? If your religion causes you to separate from your family is your religion really worth it? These questions and others were raised throughout my paper. However, the fact is that the Jehovah Witnesses and the Watchtower Society are successful in converting people to their religion and have the ability to maintain their membership. Jehovahs Witness Essay -- essays research papers JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses are a people known widely throughout the world. They are well-dressed people who come knocking at your door on different occasions offering religious literature for sale or trying to introduce their beliefs through carefully prepared conversation. People young, old, rich, poor, well educated and non-educated have embraced them. Their enthusiasm as proclaimers of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s Kingdom has impressed even their harshest critics. Their love toward one another makes some non-witnesses hope and pray that more people would act in that manner. Yet, some may still wonder, who really are the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses? What is their history, their practices and their beliefs? Why are they the most attacked new religious group today? Even many former group members have written books or created web sites that project a negative perspective on the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses. Due to the fact that this group has such a large following, it is not surprising that they would be attacked or their faith be denounced. It has been proven that the bigger in numbers of a group, the more controversial the group, and the larger the tension between them and society. Also, the more individuals who belong to a group, the more individuals there are who will denounce that faith and become active apostates. These apostates publish books and establish web sites proclaiming the wickness of the group to whose teachings they once adhered. When looking at it with this point of view, it seems natural that the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses would be heavily criticized. However, the fierceness of attack is still frightening. My thesis is that based on the questionable characteristics and backgrounds of the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses leaders and teachings, this criticism are not unfounded. Information on the teaching of the religion and the leaders themselves can be found in the following books: JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses, Teachings of Jehovah Witnesses, Crisis of Conscience, Wha t You Need to Know About JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses, Counting the Days to Armageddon, and JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses: Answered Verse by Verse. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In order to examine the controversies we must examine their history, organization, practices and their beliefs. We must first start at the beginning at the leadership of the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses with its founder Charles Taze Russell. The Allegheny, Pennsylvania boy had been... ...ir followers into doing what they are told. They have repeatedly changed their doctrines and contradicted previously held beliefs, all while claiming that it alone has the truth. This religion takes a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to think for himself, his ability to make rational decisions, and his free will. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã During my research on the JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses the more material I read the more questions I had. How do they convert even the intelligent and God fearing people? Why are Jehovah Witnesses considerably successful in retaining their children within their belief system? Why are JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses less likely to attend college? Why are 55% of Jehovah Witnesses women? Why would any parent allow their child to die instead of receiving a blood transfusion when their death would not be necessary? Do they put such little value to human life? If your religion causes you to separate from your family is your religion really worth it? These questions and others were raised throughout my paper. However, the fact is that the Jehovah Witnesses and the Watchtower Society are successful in converting people to their religion and have the ability to maintain their membership.
Monday, January 13, 2020
The case worker has many different roles and responsibilities that are part of their jobs. Being able to support all of their roles no matter of what population or problem there is the case worker needs to be able to deal with it, this is an important part of a case worker responsibly. The case worker can use different tools and methods to help support their clients. Roles and Responsibilities of a Case Worker There are many roles that case workers have. Some may think that the case workers are only there to find services for a client, but there is more to their jobs and responsibilities. Some of the roles that case workers have are caregivers, teachers, advocate, outreach worker, mobilizer, community planner and a behavior changer. Case workers have responsibilities that go with each role. For the caregiver role the case workers role is one that supports a client and is concerned about their wellbeing the caregiver is also part of the planning process. The teacher role, this role is a support to the client helps the client gain, develop and increase knowledge in emotional behavior or intellect. Advocate role for a care worker a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular service or resource that will help the client in their plan. Outreach worker is another responsibility that a case worker has, an outreach worker will reach out to people that are having problems, and help them find services that may need. The role of the mobilizer is to get specific service that are not yet in the area, that service does not have a presents in that particular area that the clients need support. A case worker may work on getting certain support with help from others. Another is a Community Planner; this role helps the clients as well as the community. The responsibility is to work with community based boards, committees, to ensure that a community developmentÃ supports the community and the people in it. The last role is behavior changer, is to encourage their clients to change their negative behaviors for more positive behavior. Behavior changers provide support for their clients and provides them with the needed tools to change their behaviors, so they are more positive. There are many roles and responsibilities that case workers have, all of their roles support their clients in many ways. Theoretical Models Ã¢â¬Å"Ecological model to develop a broad understanding of each individual client who comes before them. This model sometimes referred to as person-in-situation or person-in-environment model looks at the individual client in the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s contextÃ¢â¬ . (Summers, 2012). Within this modal there are three levels that, Micro, Meso, and Marco levels. Micro level, where the focus is on the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s personality, motivation, affect, and other personal attributes Meso level, where the focus is on the context immediately surrounding the client (family, church group, close friends, and work group) Macro level, where the focus is on the larger societyÃ¢â¬â¢s characteristics and the way the client experiences these or the way these are brought to bear on the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s situation (institutions and organizations such as the political system, social stratification, the educational system, and the economy). (Summers, 2012) Being able to use these levels will help identify the problems that the client is having. The Micro level, is more personal, the Meso focus on the surroundings of the client and the Marco focus on the larger group around the client. Being able to figure out the problem and where it is coming from and affecting will help the overall help the client. When looking at all the problem behaviors that come up, one that we can look at it Life transitions. This situation in someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life can affect many things. Breaking it down it done into the levels can help support the client and figure out how to help. The Mico level, getting to understand the life transition and the client, the Meso level, looking at the close relationships that the client is having is any of these relationships supporting or interfering with the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and last the Macro level looking at the community and the bigger picture of where the client is at. Looking at all of these areas will help support the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior problems. Special Populations When a case worker is thinking about Special Population they have a good understanding of what that is really saying. Special population is a term used to express a disadvantaged group.[where?] In health professions, special populations include those with disabilities, minors, and the elderly. Special populations often require accommodations for physical, mental or emotional differences. Their bodies may respond in a different manner to treatment or medication. For example, the small liver in a child means that he or she canÃ¢â¬â¢t take typical adult doses of medication. The same goes for an elderly person, whose decreased liver function similarly affects the processing of medication. (Ã¢â¬Å"WikipediaÃ¢â¬ , 2014). As a case worker you have to be prepared to have a good understand of things that may come up. There may be certain issues that may come up when working with a client that is part of a special population. One issue is does their special population and or problem fall within the Human Service field, or do you as a case worker need to help them find other services. Other issues are there and mental, emotional or physical development problems that could change the services that are out there to support the situation they are in. Also there can be problems with understanding what is needed and getting them support in there are, which them may cause transportation issues. As a case worker, being prepared to handle things that special population deal with, abuse and neglect for an example. When working as a case worker there are many roles and responsibilities that are taken on as part of a case workers job. Having a good idea how to support their needs and help to figure out how to help is important and to make sure that as a case worker you understand them as a person is also needed. As a case worker there will be many different types of people that you woke with Special Population being one of the group, and may be one of the most challenging. But, remembering that as a case worker there is a job to be done, it is not always done the same way, and remembering that is very important. References Mehr, J. J., & Kanwischer, R. (2011). Human Services. Concepts and Intervention Strategies (11th ed.). : Pearson Education. Summers, N. (2012). Fundamentals of Case Management Practice. Skills for the Human Services (4th ed.). : Cengage Learning. Wikipedia. (2014). Retrieved from http://n.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_populations
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Amy TanÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ describes a Chinese immigrant family who hope of finding success and an overall betterment of life in America. After losing everything in China, Jing-meiÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, Mrs. Woo, tries as a minority house maid in the 1960s to provide all the opportunities she can for her last daughter. This short story revolves around the interactions between the Jing-mei, who desires a ordinary life, and Mrs. Woo, who seeks only the best from her daughter. The values of these two characters are in constant conflict of which creates a lasting segregation between parent and child. Through Mrs. WooÃ¢â¬â¢s death, Jing-mei questions her childhood upbringing and her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s true intentions that were masked by pure immigrant ambition.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The parallel of being successful and famous is symbolized in the character Shirley Temple, a 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s white television child that became popular from her acting and cute appea rance (ENG 114). The pianist to Mrs. Woo becomes the perfect representation of her American dream and assurance that it is possible for immigrants to become prosperous. Jing-mei is seen in the story rebelling against her mother by invoking her Ã¢â¬Å"own will, [and] right to fall short of expectationsÃ¢â¬ (240). This characterization is equivalent to American individualism that employs the principle of favoring freedom of action for the individual over the collective, or in this case for Mrs. Woo. These opposing values continuously clash and create distance within the mother and daughter relationship. The immigrant expectations of success for a better life in America coupled with American values of freedom and individuality provokes and sustains the rift in the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s bond. Jing-meiÃ¢â¬â¢s inability to connect with her mother arises from her upbringing. Mrs. Woo pushed Jing-mei to extremes with her parenting and failed to realize the lasting trauma it had on her daught er. Jing-mei as a fragile child wants nothing more than for her Ã¢â¬Å"mother and father [to] adore [her]Ã¢â¬ (233). The developing girl is looking for acceptance through her parents, but Mrs. Woo does not understand the positive reinforcement required in those early stages of development. InsteadShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages One of the most complex relationships is that of a mother and daughter. Amy Tan is an author who writes about her life growing up as an Asian-American in Chinatown. Her novel The Joy Luck Club is a series of short stories about Chinese mothers and their assimilated daughters. One of these stories is Ã¢â¬Å"Two Kinds,Ã¢â¬ which looks into the life of Jing-Mei Woo and her struggle to gain a sense of self. Some key themes in The Joy Luck Club are the generational and intercultural differences among Chinese-AmericanRead MoreAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan803 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSteve Maraboli once said, Ã¢â¬Å" When you hold a grudge, you want someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s sorrow to reflect your level of hurt but the two barely meet.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Two Kinds,Ã¢â¬ by the author Amy Tan, exhibits how the difference in mindsets prompts a mother and daughter, named Jing-mei, to fail to see eye to eye. After a careful analysis of the story, the reader understands how Jing-meis relationship with her mom changed, why her relationship changed, and how the changed relationship affects the whole story. The daughtersRead MoreAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan1190 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Mother and Her Daughter In Amy TanÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ (1989), a section of her novel Ã¢â¬Å"The Joy Luck ClubÃ¢â¬ , Tan depicts the mother-daughter relationship between June and her mother, Ms. Woo. Ms. Woo is determined to turn June into a child prodigy, forcing her to try different activities to see if she would be a prodigy in that field. Ms. Woo then forces June to take piano lessons, and to her content June continues to play the piano with lessons from Mr. Chong. When it comes time for June to perform inRead MoreAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan1365 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In her short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Two Kinds,Ã¢â¬ Amy Tan describes the childhood of a Chinese immigrantÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter. Jing-Mei seeks to desperately become her own unique person but her mother has other plans for her because Jing-MeiÃ¢â¬â¢s mother realizes the abundant opportunities that are available to her daughter. Like many immigrants, Jing-MeiÃ¢â¬â¢s mother did not have the privilege of becoming a trained chi ld genius, pianist, or a movie star. Instead, Jing-MeiÃ¢â¬â¢s mother had to endure many hardships in China such as losingRead MoreAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ by Amy Tan is a story that focuses on a theme of generational tension between mother and daughter. Problems of identity and community in twentieth century America are also highlighted in this text. Jing-mei Woo struggles to find her identity as someone who has ethnic ties to China, but is born and raised in America. Through this struggle, her idea of the type of person that she should become changes drastically. What this text shows us is how significant events can affect our relationshipsRead MoreAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The definition of an underachiever as stated by Webster is Ã¢â¬Å"one (such as a student) that fails to attain a predicted level of achievement or does not do as well as expected.Ã¢â¬ In the short story Ã¢â ¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ written by Amy Tan, NiÃ¢â¬â¢Kan is the queen of underachievers. She determines at a young age to become defiant to her mom. After experiencing disappointment from letting her mom down, NiÃ¢â¬â¢Kan determined that she would not become a child prodigy and intentionally failed throughout her lifeRead MoreAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan913 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The story, Ã¢â¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ , by Amy Tan employs symbolism, flashback, and conflict to express the love of a mother. This story starts off with the mother, Suyuan Woo, and her daughter, Jing-Mei, trying to find something that the daughter could become talented at, maybe at a prodigious level. Suyuan Woo introduced various activities that she thought could spark her daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s interest. However, none of them seem to be quite right for Jing-Mei. One day, Suyuan Woo bought a piano, hoping this might be theRead MoreAnalysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan1960 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCultures vary from throughout the world and throughout each family. The way parents raise us through love and affection, discipline and experiences form us as human beings. This brings us to our topic regarding the story Ã¢â¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ by Amy Tan. In the story Ã¢â¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ , the author Amy Tan shows the relationship between a mother who is a Chinese immigrant and her daughter that is Chinese American and the pressure she faces by her mother. From beginning to end it shows their whole relationship play outRead MoreAnalysis Of The Story Two Kinds By Amy Tan1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages America is the land of opportunity. It is the land of freedom, and an immigrants chance to become what they desire. Growing up with two immigrant parents that is what we preached on a daily basis. Both of my parents immigrated to America for the chance of a better life, and they made that very clear to me. There was no exceptions for them. Either you became someone or you will become a disappointment. Pressure was put on me on a daily basis, and slacking off was not acceptable. Therefore, the mainRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Two Kinds By Amy Tan713 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe case for the mother in Ã¢â¬Å"Two KindsÃ¢â¬ by Amy Tan. The m other had an American dream expectation for her daughter to be prodigy girl who endowed at a young age exceptional qualities and abilities but her daughter did not share the same American dream as her mother. The post modern pice of literature is set after WWII . During this time it was all about individualism. The short story is a representation of many immigrant parents ans their children. Throughout the story Amy uses the characters, setting
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Zahra Lahgazi The Causes of Hitlers Rise to Power The 30th of January, 1933 marks the day in which Germany and to a greater extent the world was rocked forever. Why? Because the leader of the Nazis, a nationalist and socialist party was signed in as the chancellor of Germany. His name, Adolf Hitler, has grown to be recognised as one of the most hated in history to this day. How did this malicious man grasp the power of Germany? It turns out that some of the causes sprouted from some of the darkest times in German historyÃ¢â¬ ¦ The Treaty of Versailles may have been intended to weaken Germany forever, but instead it turned out to be one of the vital underlying causes as to HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s uprising. The Treaty was signed in 1919 to clean up theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This ultimately led him to finally obtain what he had been searching for; power. Hitler and two fellow nationalists, Kahr and Lossow, plotted to instigate an uprising against the Reichstag. However, on the 4th of October, 1923 his two partners pulled out of the rebellion, this seemed an impossible circumstance for Hitler who had 3000 SA soldiers at the ready. 4 days later, Hitler and 600 of his SA gate crashed a meeting held by Kahr and Lossow in a local beer hall. This came to be known as the Beer Hall Putsch. Eventually the leader of the Nazis had his two partners back. Within the next 24 hours following the stick up Hitler had rounded up his troops and led them into the city walls of Munich. What they thought would end as a great trium ph for them actually had a completely opposite outcome. Kahr, had betrayed Hitler and informed the authorities of his intentions. Hitler, along with 9 other conspirators were arrested on account of treason and tried in court over a period of 24 days. The trial was on the front page of every German speaking newspaper for its entire duration. Hitler saw this as an opportunity to get his ideas across to people on a national and international level. His final speech that followed turned out to be a clever form of propaganda. He spoke in such a tone that made people believe that even though his revolution failed, his forces were still growing, that he may have a guilty verdict on his plate, butShow MoreRelatedHitlers Rise to Power1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesZahra Lahgazi The Causes of Hitlers Rise to Power The 30th of January, 1933 marks the day in which Germany and to a greater extent the world was rocked forever. Why? Because the leader of the Nazis, a nationalist and socialist party was signed in as the chancellor of Germany. His name, Adolf Hitler, has grown to be recognised as one of the most hated in history to this day. How did this malicious man grasp the power of Germany? It turns out that some of the causes sprouted from some of the darkestRead MoreHitler s Rise Of Power1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhat or even who was accountable for HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s rise to power? Many believe that there was only one contributing factor for his rise to power. Some state that Hitler could not have risen to power in any other than Germany, implying that he was nothing more than a product of German culture. From others perspective they believe that Hitler made himself dictator by means of his political genius. And yet still theirs others that profess it was the weak democratic government of the Weimar Republic or GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreHitler s Rise Of Power1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmanda Dibella English 10 MYP5 Hugh Jazz 14 March 2016 Hitler s Rise to Power Hitler s rise to power was greatly facilitated by his social mind with a theoretically high IQ of around 150 in the top 0.1% of everyone in the world. This large amount of intelligence can help him out think and keep himself one step ahead of everyone near him keeping his plans in clear site without the anyone the wiser. Hitler used two major skills to get power: persuasive rhetoric and cleverly worded statements to coverRead MoreThe Rise Of Power Under Hitler2535 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesPrompt 1: Compare and contrast the rise of and consolidation of power under Hitler with the rise of and consolidation of power under Mussolini with specific reference to conditions that led to their authoritarian states, their respective aims and ideologies, and the extent to which their totalitarian aims were achieved. Benito Mussolini was born into an Italian family that held socialist and republican beliefs and therefore, he too was raised with these beliefs in mind. After participating inRead MoreHitler s Rise Of Power2114 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHitler was especially noted when he earned the First Class Iron Cross, the highest military honor a German could receive. Hitler s commander had ended up in No Man s Land, screaming for help. Hitler, crawled out of his trench and pulled him to safety, without get shot down or killed. This gave Hitler a sense of belonging and respect, two things he had never gotten at home. Ã¢â¬Å"I sank down upon my knees and thanked Heaven out of the fullness of my heartÃ¢â¬ (Raggett). Hitler had said. Instead of an AustrianRead MoreHitler S Rise To Power1779 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHarriette Mellor History 10L3 HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Rise to Power - Q1 During the years between the end of World War One and Adolf HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s optimum years of power prior to World War Two, Germany was struggling with a great deal of political, economic and social troubles. The political confusion throughout this time was one of the predominant reasons that Hitler was able to gain such a degree of power from 1929 to 1933. The consequences of losing the Great War were disastrous and Germany faced uncertain timesRead MoreThe Methods and Circumstances of Hitlers Rise to Power2031 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesJakob Rasmussen Humanities December 3rd 2010 The Methods and Circumstances of HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Rise to Power After GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s defeat in the First World War. Germany were forced to sign a treaty called the Treaty of Versailles that limited GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s power extensively. The treaty stated penalties such as the loss of German soil, a great minimization of GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s army and navy and of course Germany was forced to pay for the reparations of the destruction they had caused in the war. This penalty left GermanyRead MoreEssay on HitlerÃ ´s Rise to Power630 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWhat I learned about this year was about Hitlers Rise To Power/The Final solution, the Holocaust, World War II, and Anne Frank. All of these things was, becuase of Hitler. They all connect together at the end. These were the one of the mosst pain the world have gotten in. If the U.S got it sooner it might of been better. Lets start with Hitlers Rise to power/The final solution. Hitler sent all the Jews he can find to consation camps. They arnt the camps you would want to go to. The peopleRead MoreHitlerÃ ´s Rise to Power Essay579 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAccording to en.wikipedia.org and historyplace.cpm, Hitlers rise to power began in Germany when he joined the Nazi party in September, 1919. Deep anger about the first world war and the treaty of Versalies created an underlying bitterness in the German people which Hitlers viciousness and expansionism appealed, so the perty gave him support. He was imprisioned after the 1923 unich Bear hall putsch. The Bear hall putsch resulted in the deaths of four officers. He was sentenced to five years, duringRead MoreWhy Did Hitler Rise to Power in 1933?1591 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhy did Hitler rise to power in 1933? When The First World War finally ended on November 11 1918; Germany was Ã¢â¬Å"crownedÃ¢â¬ the losers. It was a devious time and everyone was depressed which enabled some extremistÃ¢â¬â¢s parties to gain support from the citizens of Germany. One of parties was the Nazis with their leader Hitler. Hitlers rise to power cannot be attributed to one event, but a mixture of factors including events happening outside Germany, the strengths of the Nazi party, and the weaknesses of
Friday, December 20, 2019
The beginning of the AIDS epidemic started in 1981 when the first case of an unknown disease was publically announced. Since its publication the human immunodeficiency virus and its autoimmune deficiency syndrome have sparked many concerns, medically, ethically, and socially. The following documentary and films expressed awareness to the public, they are: Documentaries: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Age of AIDS Ã¢â¬ ¢ On the Downlow Ã¢â¬ ¢ Reporter Zero Ã¢â¬ ¢ End Game: AIDS in Black America Ã¢â¬ ¢ Silver Lake Life: The View from Here Ã¢â¬ ¢ Hope is the Thing with Feathers Feature Films: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Philadelphia Ã¢â¬ ¢ Jeffrey Ã¢â¬ ¢ And the Band Played On Over the course of the semester, the films have been analyzed ethically rating their values on society. TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦During the time of the AIDS epidemic, the Reagan Era was in full effect. As of 1982, President Ronald Reagan had not used the term AIDS in public, while his press secretary made jokes of the deadly disease. It is not until 1985, that Reagan speaks of AIDS publically to which roughly approximately 6,000 people have died. However, it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t until 1987 and 20,000 deaths later that Reagan identifies the disease as Ã¢â¬Å"public enemy number oneÃ¢â¬ (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2003). The political events sparked public controversy since the medical community had made very little advancements pending the increasing death toll. It was with the three documentaries The Age of AIDS, Reporter Zero, and the feature film And the Band Played On the medical struggle was revealed. In The Age of AIDS and The Band Played On that the struggle sc ientists battled to find the culprit of disease. For example, in The Band Played On, the French scientists at the Pasteur Institute raced against the clock to identify the virus that was causing the public havoc. The political issue of international boarders becomes evident when Dr. Robert GalloÃ¢â¬â¢s team is slower in the race. In which Gallomakes a questionable move plagiarizing facts to make it look like his team and the French have identified the same virus, at the same